Mogensen 3236 Chair

By Børge Mogensen , 1956

Mogensen’s evolution of ‘The People’s Chair’ – designed in 1956 and dimensioned as a generously proportioned and sophisticated upholstered dining chair.

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Mogensen 3236 Chair
Mogensen 3236 Chair - Model 3236
 
W: 53 cm
D: 46,5 cm
H: 75 cm
Wt: 6 kg
Cbm: 0.14 cbm
Pcs: 2
Sh: 46 cm

About The Collection

When Børge Mogensen was appointed Head of Design at Fredericia in 1955, he was asked to design an entirely new furniture collection. One of the earliest outcomes was the launch of the 3236 Chair in 1956. With its solid, simplified construction, the 3236 Chair reflects Mogensen’s preference for working with refined yet rustic, natural materials. Along with his eye for perfect proportions.

The robust dimensions of the chair’s spokes and legs make this a stable, sturdy design, allowing for hours of sitting. Adding to the comfort is the upholstered seat characterised by a simple curve, capturing another signature trait of Mogensen – to never lose sight of a design’s original intent and functional purpose, while avoiding any unnecessary elements. The result is a classic chair ideal as a side chair. Simple, modest and still self-confident, just like its creator.

Similarly, the Mogensen Bench launched one year later embodies his lifelong ambition to create purity in terms of shape. Here, form truly follows function in this streamlined design with a simple back support, echoed in the upholstered rectangular seat with softened corners. The look is lean and linear, resulting in an open, expansive feeling. Underneath is a structure that mirrors the 3236 Chair, making the Bench its perfect companion.

Both the Mogensen Bench and the 3236 Chair attest to Fredericia’s ideals from our inception. Durable, functional furniture driven by an appreciation of honest materials. Seen in unpretentious, timeless designs for all aspects of society to be enjoyed around the world.

Børge Mogensen

Designer

MY GOAL IS TO CREATE ITEMS THAT SERVE PEOPLE AND GIVE THEM THE LEADING ROLE, INSTEAD OF FORCING THEM TO ADAPT TO THE ITEMS

Børge Mogensen (1914-1972) was one of the most influential designers in shaping Danish Modern design and present day Fredericia’s founding designer from 1955 until his death in 1972. He found inspiration all over the world in his quest to create everyday objects that would endure for generations. Mogensen's most recognised pieces were developed during his collaboration and friendship with Fredericia CEO Andreas Graversen.

Børge Mogensen was one of the pioneers that created the foundation for the Danish Design as a culture of furniture design. His life-long ambition was to create durable and useful furniture that would enrich people’s everyday lives, and he designed functional furniture for all parts of the home and society.

Mogensen’s ideal was to create furniture with a restrained aesthetic. He believed that furniture should create a sense of tranquillity and have a modest appearance that encourages people to live their lives unpretentiously. He was acclaimed for his masterful sense of materials and proportions, and for his ability to create beautiful and distinctive furniture by emphasising simple horizontal and vertical lines and surfaces – all in an attempt to create aesthetic clear designs that were easy to produce.

While working strictly within his self-imposed dogmas, Mogensen’s artistic temperament often led him to break his formal rules without abandoning their original intent. Thus Mogensen’s furniture can be described as both modest and very self-confident - just as their creator. Throughout his life Mogensen was one of the boldest voices in the critical debate on furniture design. He often criticised his peers for surrendering their artistic authenticity in favour of short-sighted fashions, but he always welcomed innovations that he found offered real progression. Mogensen preferred to work in refined, yet rustic, natural materials such as solid oak, natural leather, wool fabrics, and brass mountings.

”I DO
BECOME MORE AND MORE NARROW IN MY
DEVOTION. WITHIN A VERY LIMITED FIELD, I STRIVE TO LIVE OUT TO THE UTMOST BORDER OF POSSIBILITIES WITHIN BOTH THE MATERIAL AND THE SHAPE. SOMETIMES I CROSS THAT BORDER – AND THEN I LEARN”

Mogensen was a trained cabinet-maker and furniture designer at the Copenhagen School of Arts and Crafts before entering the school of furniture design at Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, where he was taught by Kaare Klint and graduated in 1941. Throughout his career Mogensen continued to defend the ideals of evolutionary design progression that were essential to the Klint School, while also expanding on the tradition. Contrary to Klint, Mogensen was not only inspired by the traditional cabinet-maker’s types and crafts - instead he adapted models planned for industrial production, as well as the more informal housing that emerged in the 1960’s.

In 1948 Mogensen participated in MoMA’s international furniture competition ”low-cost furniture”. Back home in Denmark, inspired by the exhibition, he experimented with plywood shells and fused the international modernist movement with his own design identity. Mogensen also found inspiration in ethnic arts & crafts, lithography and Japanese wooden carvings.

In 1950, Mogensen opened a private design office, and shortly after, in 1952 he began collaborating with young interior architect and entrepreneur, Andreas Graversen, who would later become owner of Fredericia Furniture.

Andreas Graversen’s acquisition of Fredericia in 1955 marked the start of more than a purely professional partnership with Børge Mogensen. Over the years, the two developed a strong friendship, fuelled by a common desire to create simple, high-quality furniture with enduring aesthetic appeal. They were equally dedicated and passionate to their crafts, and their partnership was often temperamental.

Mogensen’s most recognisable pieces were developed to fit Fredericia’s workshop. One reason for Mogensen's immersive creativity at Fredericia was Graversen’s ability to follow him in his intentions and consistently fulfil his uncompromising demands for quality. To this day, Fredericia is the primary producer of Børge Mogensen’s furniture. Graversen and Mogensen’s high demands for quality, functionality and sense of material are still very much alive in our approach when developing new furniture today.

Mogensen received the The Eckersberg Medal 1950, as well as the highest architectural honours in Denmark, the C.F. Hansen medal, in 1972. In 1971 he and Andreas Graversen jointly received the Danish Furniture Prize for their contribution to the Danish furniture industry, and in 1972 Mogensen was appointed Honoury Royal Designer for Industry at the Royal Society of Arts in London. Examples of Mogensen’s designs can be seen in leading design museums around the world.

Børge Mogensen died in 1972, only 58 years old.